A trio of summits held in 2015 is likely to shape the future of sustainable development in Africa over the coming years, analysts say.

Former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan, who is chair of the Africa Progress Panel, identified energy and finance as the twin keys to any meaningful gains in 2016 and beyond for the continent, where 600 million people – more than half the population – still have no access to electricity or clean cooking facilities.

In July the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, adopted at the Third International Conference on Financing for Development (FFD3), set out some of the financing framework for progress over the next 15 years. Then, in September, UN member states formally agreed a range of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to be achieved by 2030. Finally at, the Paris talks on climate change, the international community agreed to keep global temperature increase “well below” 2°C.

The implications and results of all these deals will take time to filter through but early impressions have been cautiously favourable. “The FFD3 process that was concluded in Addis Ababa is a great success for Africa,” says Sarah Lawan of the US-based Brookings Institute. She cites...

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CSR  sustainable development  Kofi Annan  climate change  global warming  Sarah Lawan  carbon footprint  solar  hydro  deforestation  ethical  stakeholders  NGO  engagement  Activism  renewable energy  Dr Hani Findakly 

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